Editor’s note: As Creation magazine has been continuously published since 1978, we are publishing some of the articles from the archives for historical interest, such as this. Cattle, sheep, deer, giraffes, and camels2 are ruminants. Chewing is mandatory to define a cud. Unlike ruminants, rabbits are lagomorphs or hindgut fermenters. President and Founder of Pensacola-based organization, Creation Today, Eric’s passion to reach people with the life-changing message of the Gospel has driven him to speak in five foreign countries and all fifty states. So it is to Hebrew that we should go to understand this conundrum. Problem: In Leviticus 11:5–6, two animals, the rock hyrax and the rabbit, were designated as unclean by Leviticus because, although they chew the cud, they do not divide the hoof.But, science has discovered that these two animals do not chew the cud. ... even though they cannot be said to "chew the cud" quite like cows do.So the Bible is correct in its definitions, as always. This process is very similar to rumination, and it gives the impression of chewing the cud. However, of those that chew the cud or that have a split hoof completely divided you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the coney. However, the Hebrew phrase for ‘chew the cud’ simply means ‘raising up what has been swallowed’. Leviticus 11:5–6 —How can the Bible say that the hyrax and the rabbit chew the cud when science now knows that they do not?. They pass their food all the way through their digestive tract, and eat it again -- they eat their poop. The rabbit, though it chews the cud, does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean for you. And if this is what Scripture says, then isn’t it in error? Yes, it does. Their first swallowing did not complete the digestion process. Is the Bible wrong? Chewing is mandatory to define a cud. They also don't have a cloven hoof, so that's two strikes. That is to say, they literally chew the cud, in the more narrow sense that the English phrase uses. Do rabbits or hares chew their cud? They swallow their food into one stomach compartment where food is partially digested. Therefore, they fit completely within the terms of the broader Hebrew phrase, even though they cannot be said to “chew the cud” quite like cows do. Then it is regurgitated, chewed again, and swallowed into a different stomach. The lock downs have created unique challenges for us as we go into 2021. Also, rabbits practice something called ”reflection”, which is similar to ”rumination”, or chewing the cud. From the above clarification, you should be getting a hint that rabbits cannot chew cud. Do Rabbits (Coneys and Hares) Chew the Cud? However, both animals move their jaws in such a manner as to appear to be chewing the cud. Rabbits and hyraxes do in fact practice this leisurely re-chewing of previously chewed food, but instead of […] For readers unacquainted with rock hyraxes, the rock hyrax is a small animal that lives in the rocky areas of Arabia Petreae and the Holy Land. They engage in an activity called cecotrophy. Contrast this with what cows and some other animals do, rumination, which is what we moderns call "chewing the cud." As part of the normal digestive process, some partially digested food is concentrated in the cecum where it undergoes a degree of fermentation to form these cecotropes. Here it carries the implication of moving something from one place to another. One of the most often cited “contradictions” in the Bible involves the lowly rabbit.1 Does the Bible actually indicate that rabbits “chew the cud”? That is to say, they literally chew the cud, in the more narrow sense that the English phrase uses. Three references verifying rabbits do not “chew” this cud … To qualify as cud, a wad must be chewed. Because they can’t vomit. Both statements are both true and false. Rabbits normally produce two kinds of feces, the more common hard feces as well as softer fecal pellets called cecotropes. 190,191). That’s irrelevant, however, since the Bible was not written in modern English. 190,191). Although they chew the cud, they do not have a split hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you ” This seems pretty straightforward on the face of it. Actually, I believe they eat their poo. So the Bible is correct in its definitions, as always. However, of those that chew the cud or that have a split hoof completely divided you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the coney. Three references verifying rabbits do not “chew” this cud or feces pellet: When the Bible says that the rabbit (or hare) and rock badger "chew the cud," it is simply saying that they make a chewing motion that looks like what other animals do when they "chew the cud." Cows, sheep and goats are ruminants. Leviticus 11:6. Rabbits and Hares do not chew the cud in the same way that we normally think of an animal that chews the cud, that is regurgitating partially chewed and digested food so as to chew it some more. chewing cud means that they would have multiple stomachs, regurgitate their food, chew it, and digest it several times. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 2. Your gift helps support the core ministry, our video outreach efforts and much more. This does not really mean cud, but actually is a broader term, meaning something that has been swallowed. Quick answer. Rabbits normally produce two kinds of feces, the more common hard feces as well as softer fecal pellets called cecotropes. The biblical reference may mean cecotrophy, eating of night droppings. So the phrase translated to English as “chew the cud” literally means something on the order of “eats that which is brought forth again.”. It is correct to say that the Bible does, indeed, teach that rabbits (hares) chew the cud. Is this the same as cud? Although rabbits and horses are not, by definition, ruminants, they are considered “hind-gut fermenters.” Similar fermentation takes place in the “rumen” compartment of the stomach during rumination. Relevancia. The Bible was not written in English. They pass their food all the way through their digestive tract, and eat it again -- they eat their poop. Simply stated, it is not reasonable to accuse a 3500-year-old document of error because it does not adhere to a modern man-made classification system. Most commentaries translate arnevet not as rabbit but as either coney, rock badger or hyrax, all of which do in fact chew their cud. 11 respuestas. Dr. Norman Geisler Responds. This confirms the statement of Morot that rabbits form two kinds of faeces. JPS Tanakh 1917 And the hare, because she cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, she is unclean unto you New American Standard 1977 the rabbit also, for though it chews cud, it does not divide the hoof, it is unclean to you; Rabbits do "chew the cud". Two places in the Bible include the hare among animals that chew the cud. Obviously, rabbits do not share the digestive anatomy of modern ruminants. Three references verifying rabbits do not “chew” this cud or feces pellet: “Arrival of the caecotrophs at the anus triggers a reflex licking of the anus and ingestion of the caecotrophs, which are swallowed whole and not chewed.” However, of those that chew the cud or that have a divided hoof you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the hyrax. (Leviticus 11:3–6), Nevertheless, of those that chew the cud or have cloven hooves, you shall not eat, such as these: the camel, the hare, and the rock hyrax; for they chew the cud but do not have cloven hooves; they are unclean for you. Rabbits actually produce two different sorts of fecal droppings. Bible apologists try to make it sound like rabbits chew cud or that chew does not mean chew and cud does not mean cud. DOES THE HARE CHEW THE CUD ALSO? Cud is a portion of food that returns from a ruminant's stomach in the mouth to be chewed for the second time. Quick answer. However, of those that chew the cud or that have a divided hoof you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the hyrax. Lv 6. hace 1 década. Nevertheless these you shall not eat among those that chew the cud or those that have cloven hooves: the camel, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you; the rock hyrax, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you; the hare, because it chews the cud but does not have cloven hooves, is unclean to you. Not only is Moses ridiculed for classifying a bat as a “bird,” but supposedly he made another mistake when he categorized the hare (or rabbit, NASB, NIV) as an animal that “chews the cud” (Leviticus 11:6; Deuteronomy 14:7).Cows, goats, sheep, and deer all have three- or four-chambered stomachs and bring already-chewed and swallowed vegetation up into their mouths to masticate once more. The rabbit ingests the cecotropes, which serve as a very important source of nutrition for the animal. So, for this article the two terms will be used interchangeably.) My negative answer above would appear, at first sight, to be contradictory to what Scripture says, and it is for this reason that the question is much beloved by those who want to undermine belief in the Bible. What matters is what the translated phrase meant in Hebrew at the time it was written. It is not an error of Scripture that ‘chewing the cud’ now has a more restrictive meaning than it did in Moses’ day. Although they chew the cud, they do not have a split hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you " This seems pretty straightforward on the face of it. Moses declared in Leviticus 11: 5 over 3,000 years ago that the rock hyrax chews the cud. Their food is compressed into pellets that come out the other end, and they eat them again. Maybe it's a minor distinction. What rabbits and hares do is called “refection” or “coprophagy,” and it involves re-digesting food after it passes out of the body (in … Cecotropes are small pellets of pa… The Old Testament was written in Hebrew. Of course, rabbits—but not horses—add reingestion of cecotrophs to this process. If you read my article (When Critics Ask (page 89-90) under the entry on Leviticus 11:5-6 gives the explanation in more detail), then you know I donʼt believe the rabbit chews the cud in the modern technical sense. Neither the rock hyrax (translated “rock badger” in the nasb) nor the rabbit are ruminants and technically do not chew the cud. So rabbits really do chew their cud. Rabbits have a mechanism for re-processing food after it has fermented in the cecum. Yes. 11:4 ‘Nevertheless, you are not to eat of these, among those which chew the cud, or among those which divide the hoof: the camel, for though it chews cud, … Deuteronomy 14, verses 6 and 7 read as follows, "You may eat any animal that has a split hoof divided in two and that chews the cud. It serves a similar purpose as the cud. (Deuteronomy 14:7) The natural question to answer is whether or not rabbits chew the cud. The Bible's definition of "chews the cud" is simply different from the technical definition we are thinking of. The simple answer to this is “no” — not in the way that cows, goats and sheep do. How can they “chew the cud”? They don't have a 'rumen', like a cow. To qualify as cud, a wad must be chewed. No, the Bible is not wrong. But the purpose of the question is deeper than this. So is the Bible in error here? Respuesta Guardar. For teaching and sharing purposes, readers are advised to supplement these historic articles with more up-to-date ones suggested in the Related Articles and Further Reading below. The answer to the question is that the Hebrew word translated as "chew the cud" is not a technical term. Rabbits don't chew the cud. Experiments suggest that the difference in the consistency between the day and night faeces is due to an intestinal rhythm.-W. Thomson. The Bible clearly states that rabbits chew their cud, but simple observation seems to show this isn’t true. Classification system, animals that chew does not mean cud. ) don ’ t true chew cud... Any animal that has been swallowed ’ and much more but simple observation seems to show this ’. Cud. animal but are then reingested take place & hyraxes ( rock and! This article the two terms will be used interchangeably. hoof, so that 's two strikes: digested. Pellets formed during the night are swallowed as such directly from the technical we. 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