The complex of the Ara Pacis Augustae, an altar dedicated in 9 BCE, stood in the Campus Martius.The building was erected by the Senate to celebrate Augustus’s return from Spain and Gaul in 13 BCE. The Ara Pacis, a monument to Augustus Caesar and an altar for religious celebration of peace, perfectly exemplified Augustusí program of cultural revival and captured the spirit of his reign through its Golden Age motif. Ara Pacis - Saturnia Tellus Appunto di storia dell'arte con l'analisi del rilievo definito "Saturnia Tellus" presente su uno dei quattro lati brevi dell'Ara Pacis. A relief panel with the goddess Tellus, two children and two female figures, symbol of fertility, with the elements of water riding a sea monster and air riding a swan. Ryberg's 1949 article gave further weight to that conclusion. This high relief panel depicts Tellus Mater (Mother Earth) and is an allegory of the prosperity during Augustus’s reign (27 BCE-14 CE). One member of this college is missing in a gap. [42] However, there are some dissenters from this theory. A velate female holds two babies; personifications of winds (aurai) flank her. Gaius Stern, "Women Children and Senators on the Ara Pacis Augustae" Berk. The South Wall has seen a great deal of scholarship and the greatest number of academic debates. Visitors entering the large hall made of glass and steel now housing the Ara Pacis will first see the western side of the enclosure, with a flight of stairs leading to the altar within. The female figure in the center probably represents the Pax Augusta (Augustan Peace). Cartwright, Mark. Ara pacis fregio lato nord2 saturnia tellus.jpg 999 × 688; 532 KB Ara Pacis relief 03 - replica in Pushkin museum by shakko.jpg 4,060 × 2,847; 3.74 MB Ara Pacis Relief Pax.jpg 2,758 × 1,992; 3.13 MB represents peace & prosperity the Bringing of an era of peace in rome "Golden Age of Rome " I personally think its art, not only because its a carving but because the carving itself has a meaning . Mario Torelli (1982, 60 n. 72), called her suggestion "perfect nonsense". Practice: Ara Pacis . Edificio ... En el registro de la cara este ( opuesto a la puerta ) se representa a la diosa de la Tierra Tellus y su abundancia , que lleva en sus brazos a dos niños y rodeada de plantas , frutos y animales . The monument consists of a traditional open-air altar at its centre surrounded by precinct walls which are pierced on the eastern and western ends (so called today because of the modern layout) by openings and elaborately and finely sculpted entirely in Luna marble. A. von Domaszewski, "Die Familie des Augustus auf der Ara Pacis". There are two entrances, one on the east and the other on the west (back) side, the latter having a short flight of steps due to the lower ground elevation on that side in its original position. Created October 2005 - Massachusetts Institute of Technology: 21H.402, The Making of a Roman Emperor (Ara Pacis Museum, Rome) (photo: Steven Zucker, CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) The better preserved panel of the east wall depicts a seated female figure (above) who has been variously interpreted as Tellus (the Earth), Italia (Italy), Pax (Peace), as well as Venus. Early empire. SOURCE: Roma Panel on the Ara Pacis Augustae (Rome, Lazio, Italy); photographed by Stephen J. Danko on 11 August 2011. The Tiberius figure was identified as such by Milani, an identification that was rarely questioned until the 1940s. PLAY. The western and eastern walls are both pierced by entryways to the altar, although the interior would only have been accessed by a stairway on the western side. The Mythology of the Ara Pacis Augustae: Iconography and Symbolism. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Cartwright, M. (2013, October 13). Senators, officials and the Imperial family are depicted on the wall reliefs of the monument in an animated procession, perhaps, the very procession which consecrated the altar site on 4th July 13 BCE or the celebratory procession to welcome the emperor’s return. His adopted son (also stepson and former son-in-law), Tiberius, succeeded him to the throne. In the absence of Augustus from the panel, early scholars debated whether Agrippa (the tall veiled priest) was Augustus or Agrippa or Lepidus. BC, the Ara Pacis Augustae in Rome is one of the most important pieces of Augustan propaganda that is still extant. Tellus/Pax panel of Ara Pacis; Roman, 13-9 BCE This is one of the enclosure walls at the eastern entrance of the Altar of Peace. H. Dütschke, "Ueber ein römisches Relief mit Darstellung der Familie des Augustus". Altar of Augustus, 13 - 9 BCE, marble, Rome. Altar des Kaiserfriedens, Ara Pacis Augustae (Leipzig 1908) 14-16; de Grummond 663-77. Comparison with the engraving at left is not exact because the draughtsman for the print was closer to the ox, looking slightly up and to the sides. The first two foreground figures are lictors, carrying fasces (bundles of rods symbolizing Roman authority). Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/618/. DESCRIPCIÓN: Nos encontramos ante una imagen de los relieves el Ara Pacis, construido alrededor del 13-9 a. C., las tallas están realizadas en mármol y corresponden al Alto Imperio Romano.Se trata de representar una procesión votiva, o celebración del fin de las conquistas en Hispania y la Galia. [1] Although he was identified correctly in 1903, Petersen, Strong, and Stuart-Jones initially saw the figure as the rex sacrorum. So ingrained was Petersen's theory, however, that when the distinguished scholar Erika Simon (1968, 18) suggested the boy is a barbarian, she was subjected to intense criticism until she retracted. 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