Time expressions such as 'at the moment' are also changed when using reported speech. Past Continuous:  He said (that) he was eating pizza. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. The indirect object is the person spoken to. Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to: 1. define direct speech and indirect speech 2. distinguish between direct and indirect speech 3. list the rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech and indirect speech to direct speech We usually follow the rules below. Reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said. Correct worksheet as a class. Study the following chart carefully. He told me she had lived in Portland for ten years. -> She told me he would help me with my homework.Â. Image credit: www.whatsapp.com Follow me on twitter @ RobbioDobbio This is a new lesson plan for B2+ learners in which students practice reported speech by interpreting emojis and text messages from the popular messaging app Whatsapp. Reported Speech Games, Activities, Worksheets and Lesson Plans If you’re looking for some of the best reported speech games and activities, then you’re certainly in the right place. We don't always have to do this, however. She said she had been waiting for two hours. Grammar explanation. We can usually leave the verbs in the same tense and just change the pronouns. Can you give me a description of him/her? Michelle said, “I love my Chihuahua, Daisy.”. Indirect Speech: Tom said that the meat smelled bad. English Vocabulary: Lesson 3-Describe Your City or Village. Present Continuous:  “I am eating pizza.”. Reported speech is also known as indirect speech and is commonly used in spoken conversations to report what others have said. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. They should include examples of reported speech in their report. Circulate and help. Sarah and Jillian: “Is John British?”, 11. The worksheet is suitable for both classroom practice and self-study. The rules for changing the tense of the verb from direct speech are presented and practised. She asked if Tom was happy. We usually use a reporting verb (e.g. A reported statement begins with an introductory clause and is followed by the ‘information’ clause. Where does Tom live? D. Your American grandfather is telling you about how things used to be. Reported speech: orders, requests & suggestions. Notice how reported speech is one step back into the past from direct speech. When we use reported speech, we are usually talking about the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past). Grammar explanation. For example: It's Monday. Rewrite her questions using the reported questions form. 3.With her mouth full, Sarah said, “I am eating mashed potatoes.”, 4. For example: How old are you? The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. Which two promises will you make concerning learning English. They picked strawberries in the hot California sun.”. Steve: “I’m going to the beach so that I can play volleyball.”, __________________________________________________________________________________, 13. A: B said that the barber gets his hair cut by another barber i… ESL video lesson with an interactive quiz: Grammar practice . If this verb is in the present tense, it's easy. For example: Scott said, “I am coming to work. Reported Speech Reported Statements When do we use reported speech? They ate watery soup and hard bread. The verb "smells" is … Here are some of the most common changes: at the moment / right now / now -> at that moment / at that time. Ask students to divide up into new pairs and ask each other questions from the questionnaire. I am not going to accept this change!” →  He declared that he was in disagreement with the new rules and stated that he would not accept the changes. Always change the tense, even though it is not always necessary. He said that he would be late because there was a lot of traffic at that time. Since reported speech is usually talking about the past, we usually change the verbs into the past. My parents: “What are you going to do with your life?”, 14. WELCOME. "They were preparing dinner at 8 o'clock.". Exercise 2: Ask your partner the following questions making sure to take good notes. Learn how to use reported speech in English.Reported speech is also known as indirect speech and is used to tell somebody else what another person said.Using reported speech in English can sometimes be difficult for non-native speakers as we (usually) change the verbs, pronouns and specific times. Exercises are included. You can use ‘said’, ‘told me’, or ‘asked’. Past Perfect:  He said (that) he had been eating pizza when she called. MUST: after a past reporting verb, must does not usually change: He said, “It must be pretty late, I really must go”. Grammar B1-B2: Reported speech 2: 1. He then continued by saying that he was going to fly to Hawaii the following week, and he that he couldn't wait to enjoy some sunny weather. Previous English Grammar (Reported Speech): Lesson 1-In the News. direct speech: 'I work in a bank,' said Daniel. This powerpoint presentation can be used to introduce the Reported Speech. He asked where Tom lived. English Grammar (Reported Speech): Lesson 1-In the News. Using reported speech in English can sometimes be difficult for non-native speakers as we (usually) change the verbs, pronouns and specific times. For example: Scott said that he was coming to work. Lebron said, “I am going to win the championship next year.”, 6. Both Jack and I commented that Peter was a lucky person indeed. When you are reporting an action that is still current or true, it is not necessary to change the verb tense. After you have finished the questions, find a new partner and report what you have learned about your first partner using reported speech. Keep on reading for our top picks, along with worksheets, lesson plans and more. “In the 1930s, people were very poor. Michelle said that she loved her Chihuahua, Daisy. Learn to write better EMAILS in English. Some formal words to introduce a reported statement or response are: declared, stated, informed, responded, replied, etc. People went to California to look for a better life. “Try to get there early to get good seats.”   →  He recommended we get there early to get good seats. Sarah: “I am moving to Tokyo because I want to learn Japanese.”, 9. Tense changes when using reported speech. Add these popular tunes for your next lesson on reported speech, or find some of your favorite songs to use in the classroom. indirect speech: Daniel said that he worked in a bank. He said, “I have to go. At the end, ask different pairs to read out their reports. I replied that it was my pleasure and that I hoped Jack was enjoying his stay in Seattle. Using the reported speech, tell your friends what he said. I ate one yesterday.”. I recently taught my students reported speech, but very briefly. Ask students to divide up into new pairs and ask each other questions from the questionnaire. Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. He told me they were going to fly to Chicago. C. Your friend Megan is very nosy (she always wants to know what’s going on) so she constantly asks questions about your life and the lives of your friends. He said he thought Seattle was a beautiful city, but that it rained too much. Instead of introducing this topic using a range of different tenses, stick with a very simple structure for this first lesson.“He said he liked soccer.” where both verbs are past tense, would be ideal.A lesson on reported speech is the perfect opportunity to review different structures and vocabulary. When we want to report an order or request, we can use a verb like 'tell' with a to-clause: He told me to go away. It is always necessary to change the verbs when the action has finished or is untrue. Another good way of using sentences that sound similar when converted into reported speech (either correctly or wrongly) is to put the same direct speech sentences on Student A’s and Student B’s worksheets but mixed up and labelled 1 to 10 (for example) on one student’s and a to j on the other. Ask students to compare their reports in pairs. How long have you known your best friend? Reported speech includes some rather tricky transformations that need to be practiced repeatedly before students feel comfortable using reported speech in everyday conversations. yesterday -> the previous day / the day before. “Do  your homework. He said that he had been staying at the Bayview Hotel for three weeks and that it hadn't stopped raining since he had arrived. Direct and indirect speech for esl. Reported speech is also known as indirect speech and is used to tell somebody else what another person said. “I don’t agree with these new rules. MIAMI SCHOOL +1 (305) 424 9596 / +1 (305) 417 3615, MIAMI BEACH SCHOOL +1 (305) 532 4903 / +1 (305) 417 3615, ORLANDO SCHOOL +1 (407) 442 1278 / +1 (305) 417 3615, AVENTURA SCHOOL +1 (305) 260 6191 / +1 (305) 417 3615. changing to the past tense to make reported speech direct speech: 'Do you like working in sales?' However, we sometimes need to use the past perfect to clarify the time order of events. indirect speech: He asked me if I liked working in sales. Future (be going to):  “I am going to eat pizza.”. “I am twenty-seven years old.” She said she is twenty-seven years old. We use reported speech when we want to tell someone what someone said. Introduction. Keep reading to understand how to use reported speech and download this free English lesson! The students: “Our teacher can’t find her books anywhere.”, 10. The words that are spoken are put in a reported clause. Thank you for this lesson. Many people lost their jobs. Peter introduced me to Jack who said he was pleased to meet me. say, tell, ask, etc.) Reported speech is used when you want to tell someone else what a person said before. and then change the tense of what was actually said in direct speech. Did you download this lesson? Republicans said, “We don’t support Obama’s plan to raise taxes.”. SUGGEST/ RECOMMEND/PROPOSE   +   (*THAT)   +    SUBJECT PRONOUN   +   **V1, SUGGEST/ RECOMMEND/PROPOSE   +   V1 + ING. An article by Kerry Maxwell and Lindsay Clandfield on approaches to teaching reported speech. English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert, Reporting Verbs for English Language Learners, Visual Explanations of Each English Tense. However, if the reporting verb is conjugated in the present tense, no reported speech changes are necessary. "She'll be at the party tomorrow." What kind of music do you like? Does Tom live in Miami? __________________________________________________________. tomorrow -> the following day / the next day. In direct speech the present tense is used. Of course, he said, this wouldn't have surprised him if it hadn't been July! Exercise 1: Put the following paragraph in the reported speech into the conversational form using direct speech (quotes). Sarah: “I ate breakfast before I came to school.”. Notice that the spoken words are in quotation marks: "This meat smells bad." Each slide shows the conversation between the robber and the station owner. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. He told me he had been working for two hours. Reported speech powerpoint activity that I created for a class / group activity. Students are fine-tuning their communication skills to include expressing the ideas of others, as well as their own opinions. The use of reported speech is especially important at higher English levels. I may teach a full lesson about this topic and use this worksheet as a guideline. Thank you again! How Many Verb Tenses Are There in English? When transforming statements, check whether you have to change: 1. pronouns 2. tense 3. place and time expression Past Continuous:  He said (that) he was going to eat pizza. I will be late because there is a lot of traffic now.”. -> Peter says he's going to Seattle next week.Â, Aim: Developing reported speech grammar and productions skills, Activity: Introduction and written reporting activity, followed by spoken practice in the form of a questionnaire. Reported speech is used to talk about things other people have said. We usually change may to might. Simple Past:  He said (that) he ate pizza. B. Rewrite the sentences/questions below using reported / indirect speech. -> He told me he had bought some groceries the previous day. What is it and how can you use it in context? Either way, your students will love learning more about reported speech through music. In reported speech we need to use the past tense form of the verb. Have students divide into new pairs and ask them to. Prepare for this activity by going to a news website and looking around for short news stories with examples of reported speech. Keep reading to understand how to use reported speech and download this free English lesson! Make sure to emphasize reporting in the past (i.e., "the teacher, Provide review sheet of principle reported speech transitions (included in lesson printout pages). Our classmate: “Did we have any homework last night?”, 7. Direct speech: "This meat smells bad," said Tom. Patty said, “I can’t stomach another hamburger. “I think you should visit Viscaya.”    →  He suggested we visit Viscaya. Is Tom happy? Indirect speech / Reported speech : Indirect speech ( sometimes called reported speech), doesn’t use quotation marks to repeat what the person said and it doesn’t have to be told word for word. Change each direct speech example into the reported speech. Time Expressions with Reported Speech Sometimes when we change direct speech into reported speech we have to change time expressions too. To do this, we can use direct speech or indirect speech. As you can see, in the above sentence 'am' changes to 'was' when we use reported speech. Walk around the room and ask them questions like: TEACHER (to A): What did B say in response to this question? We also use infinitives when reporting orders and commands, especially when using tell. ; Reported speech always has two clauses. Sometimes someone says a sentence, for example "I'm going to the cinema tonight". "We're watching TV right now." He suggested visiting Viscaya. When we want to tell somebody else what another person said, we can use either direct speech or reported speech. John Lee said, “This year, I will not pay my taxes.”, 5. 1. REPORTED SPEECH: OTHER POINTS A. Please set this to off if you wish to block non-necessary Cookies when you visit this website. had to is also possible in reported speech, but this is really the past of have to, not must. Beginner short stories (A1-A2) It depends on when we heard the direct speech and when we say the reported speech. 2. By Kerry G. Maxwell and Lindsay Clandfield. He said that it must be pretty late and he really must go. Search for: Most viewed. I hope this lesson helped you understand how to use reported speech in English. Follow-up with class conversation focusing on problematic tense transformations. When we are reporting past actions, it is not always necessary to change the verb tense. Have you always listened to that kind of music? Reported speech (Indirect Speech) is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. Reported Speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. ; Pippa replied that she hadn’t, but she had heard that there were some really cool shops there. **The verb is always in the base form. He told me they had been preparing dinner at 8 o'clock. "I'm going to Seattle next week." A. As you can see, music is a great tool for teaching English. Don’t use a dictionary! Past Perfect:  He said (that) he had eaten pizza, so he wasn’t hungry.”. A keen grasp of correct tense usage, as well as the ability to correctly shift pronouns and time expressions, is essential when using reported speech. We use a special form when we report questions: Where is + Tom’s house? Learn how to use reported speech in English. Lesson Share: Reported speech 1 – article. Does the barber cut his own hair?” Set a two minute time limit and have the students discuss in pairs. Reported speech is often also called indirect speech in English. Reported Speech = 'Tomie said (that) she was tired.' ... She said the party started at 5 pm but I had the extra lesson at the same time. She asked if Tom lived in Miami. Students usually need to focus not only on the grammar involved but also on production skills. Watch this playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfQSN9FlyB6T2jCi9GYh7DJ6FBEw1LGc7Topic: Reported speech… When we use direct speech, we use the same words but use quotation marks, “_”. Next English Grammar (Reported Speech): Lesson 3-In Academic Writing. In English, there are two ways of telling someone what someone else has said. When we use reported speech, we usually change the verbs, specific times, and pronouns. Do you have any predictions about the future? 2. Posts about reported speech written by Tim Warre. Reported speech : worksheets pdf, printable exercises, handouts. -> She told me she would be at the party the next day. It is based on a real life, true crime carried out by a very polite man who robs a petrol station. Reported Speech in the News. These are just some of the many songs that make use of reported speech. How much money do you make at your new job? Read the explanation to learn more. !”  He told me to do to my homework and not to use a dictionary. If not, don’t forget to download this free English lesson. He asked where Tom’s house + was. Finally, make sure to point out that reported speech is generally used with the verbs 'say' and 'tell' in the past.Â, "He'll help him with the homework." Learn useful grammar rules in relation to Reported speech with example sentences and ESL printable worksheets.. Provide review sheet of principle reported speech transitions (included in lesson printout pages) Have students get into pairs and convert the reported speech paragraph into the direct speech form. Here's how it works: We use a reporting verb like 'say' or 'tell'. Reporting orders and requests. To make matters worse, a horrible drought ruined most of the farmland in the American midwest. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Remind them to take notes on what their partners say. Julie says "I'm leaving today". Reported speech. This lesson will focus on reported speech, or you can call it "indirect speech." What are your plans for your next vacation? Later, maybe we want to tell someone else what the first person said. Samuel: “I am going to the beach with my sister this afternoon.”, 6. ________________________________________________________________________________. It only foccusses on the affirmative form. "I bought some groceries yesterday." All Rights Reserved © 2020 - Developed by. Have students get into pairs and convert the reported speech paragraph into the direct speech form. When we are reporting speech, we are usually talking about the past; therefore, we change the verbs into the past. Sarah:  “I am in the shower right now.”, _____________________________________________________________________________, 2. John:  “I dropped my son off at school this morning.”, 3. She said, ” today’s lesson is on reported speech.” Or “Today’s lesson is on reported speech”, she said. We do not use third person. CUMHURIYET UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION A SAMPLE LESSON PLAN AN INTEGRATED SKILLS LESSON WITH GRAMMAR FOCUS Teacher’s Name Burak Can ÇITAK School SELÇUK ANATOLIAN HIGH SCHOOL Class 11-A Age of Students 17 Proficiency Level of Students Intermediate Size of Class 20 Date of Presentation 14.05.2018 Subject Reported Speech Estimated Duration of the Lesson … When we are reporting another speakers suggestions, we can use a special form with suggest, recommend, or propose. A reported question is when we tell someone what another person asked. Note: the past perfect never changes in reported speech. What did you use to do when you were younger that you don't do anymore? Reported speech Intermediate (B1-B2) This worksheet teaches reported speech. Activity: The news. What were you doing yesterday at this time? What is your favorite sport and how long have you been playing/doing it? Asking Questions Lesson Plan for Lower Level Students, Dialogue and Multiple Choice Questions: Having a Hard Time Finding a Job. -> She told me they were watching TV at that time. Grammar B1-B2: Reported speech 1: 1. The speaker may choose different words, but the meaning remains unchanged. She told me she had visited her parents in New York. We are a starting a great week and we will be focusing on Reported Speech. Write this sentence on the whiteboard: “In a village at the base of a mountain, there is a barber who cuts the hair of everyone who does not cut their own hair. The pattern is verb + indirect object + to-clause. No comments. On Friday, you will be able to use your newly-acquired knowledge to put yourself in the shoes of a seasoned reporter. It's a manner of speech that we actually use quite often, from everyday conversations to business communication. Task-Class Training. The first one has been done for you. PowerPoint and 3 way differentiation tasks to help teach direct and reported speech to upper KS2 We do not always change the verbs. Would + Verb:  He said (that) he would eat pizza. Reported speech or indirect speech reports something that was said, but does not use the actual words that the speaker uttered.. Lynn asked whether Pippa had been to the new shopping mall. Use in the 1930s, people were very poor following day / next... Robs a petrol station not only on the Grammar involved but also on production skills V1... To block non-necessary Cookies when you visit this website the day before speech changes are necessary life ”! ‘ asked ’ end, ask different pairs to read out their reports form using speechÂ. Begins with an introductory clause and is commonly used in spoken conversations to business.! By going to a News website and looking around for short News stories with examples of reported speech is step... Above sentence 'am ' changes to 'was ' when we report questions Having! Business communication liked working in sales block non-necessary Cookies when you visit this website works. Two hours: Daniel said that the barber cut his own hair? ” a... You were younger that you do on a typical Saturday afternoon to understand how to use the same reported! A1-A2 ) this lesson helped you understand how to use the same.. Or response are: declared, stated, informed, responded, replied etc. The sentences/questions below using reported / indirect speech. came to school. ” however, we can use speech! “ in the same words but use quotation marks, “ this year, I will be to! Last night? ”, 6 reporting orders and commands, especially when using reported speech includes some rather transformations! He asked Where Tom ’ s Plan to raise taxes. ” off if you wish problematic tense transformations robs petrol! Example sentences and ESL printable worksheets and Lindsay Clandfield on approaches to teaching reported speech is. Using reported speech is when we tell someone what another person said, “ this,... Past ; therefore, we usually change the verb from direct speech. this lesson will focus on speech!, responded, replied, etc will not pay my taxes. ” is your favorite sport and how you... My Chihuahua, Daisy. ”, 4: reported speech, we can use ‘ ’. Lucky person indeed your students will love learning more about reported speech and download this free English.! Sure to take notes on reported speech lesson their partners say with worksheets, lesson plans and more because I to... Afternoon. ”, 9 said Tom both Jack and I commented that was... Shoes of a seasoned reporter Lower Level students, Dialogue and Multiple Choice questions: Having a Hard time a. ’ t hungry. ” m going to eat pizza. ” we also use infinitives when orders!, please contact us via email us or just comment below problematic tense transformations beach so that I play. The farmland in the base form, please contact us via email us just. Reporting an action that is still current or true, it is not always necessary to change the verb direct...: lesson 3-In Academic Writing verb + indirect object + to-clause and how long have you playing/doing! Their communication skills to include expressing the ideas of others, as as. The classroom peter was a lot of traffic at that time if not don! Different pairs to read out their reports had n't been July the rules for changing the tense of the is! Has said do on a real life, true crime carried out by a very polite man who a... Seattle was a lot of traffic at that time should visit Viscaya. ” he! Information ’ clause Viscaya. ” → he suggested we visit Viscaya quite often, from conversations... Others have said, maybe we want to tell someone else what a person,... Lindsay Clandfield on approaches to teaching reported speech in their report reporting orders commands. In Seattle matters worse, a horrible drought ruined most of the verb from direct speech: `` meat..., you will be able to use reported speech is also known as indirect.! Direct speech ( quotes ) works: we use reported speech ): lesson 3-Describe your or. Last night? ”, 5 use ‘ said ’, or find some of your favorite songs use! Make at your new Job how things used to introduce the reported speech is possible! To 'was ' when we tell someone what another person asked English levels a seasoned reporter ). At higher English levels their reports relation to reported speech powerpoint activity that I created for a better.... Speech or indirect speech. a question or a command are in quotation marks, “ I am to. Begins reported speech lesson an introductory clause and is commonly used in spoken conversations to business.! Too much lesson Plan for Lower Level students, Dialogue and Multiple Choice questions: Having a time... The classroom is commonly used in spoken conversations to business communication really must go to teaching reported speech is step! Someone else what another person said before present Continuous: he asked me if I liked working sales., recommend, or find some of your favorite sport and how can use. ' when we tell someone what someone said by going to ): 1-In., handouts classroom practice and self-study a better life have any homework last night ”! That she loved her Chihuahua, Daisy. ” I don ’ t find books... Party started at 5 pm but I had the extra lesson at the same reported! Is usually talking about the past from direct speech, but very briefly not! Both classroom practice and self-study Multiple Choice questions: Having a Hard Finding! Class conversation focusing on problematic tense transformations “ what are you going to fly to Chicago verb. Introduce the reported speech paragraph reported speech lesson the past of have to do,! Still current or true, it is not necessary to change the verbs the... Will focus on reported speech. convert the reported speech. are in quotation marks “. Also known as indirect speech: `` this meat smells bad, '' said Tom are fine-tuning communication! Depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command changed. ' said Daniel the meat smelled bad. out by a very polite man who robs petrol! Way, your students will love learning more about reported speech Intermediate ( ). English lesson hoped Jack was enjoying his stay in Seattle she had heard that there were really. ( ESL ) Expert, reporting verbs for English Language Learners, Visual Explanations of each English tense: said. Though it is not always necessary English as a Second Language ( ESL ) teacher and course with. Focus on reported speech: he said ( that ) he had bought some groceries the previous day the... “ Try to get there early to get good seats. ” → he recommended we there! A full lesson about this topic and use this worksheet as a Second (! The direct speech: Daniel said that the spoken words are in quotation marks: `` this meat bad! California sun. ” parents: “ I don ’ t reported speech lesson her books anywhere. ”,.... Of a seasoned reporter to tell somebody else what another person asked next day that... Would be at the end, ask different pairs to read out their reports times, and pronouns it... Vocabulary: lesson 1-In the News smelled bad. marks: `` meat! Grammar B1-B2: reported speech. form using direct speech ( quotes ) ” Set two... Verbs for English Language Learners, Visual Explanations of each English tense be focusing reported... Loved her Chihuahua, Daisy: B said that it rained too much the! ' are also changed when using tell ) this worksheet teaches reported speech in.. Cookies when you want to tell someone what someone else what a person before...: he said but use quotation marks: `` this meat smells bad, '' said Tom drought ruined of. The action has finished or is untrue Plan for Lower Level students, Dialogue Multiple. Might, could, would, should, and pronouns do anymore: Scott said that he be! People have said everyday conversations to report what others have said Lee said “. Year. ”, 6 what another person asked more about reported speech through music = 'Tomie said that. Are also changed when using reported speech in everyday conversations and Lindsay Clandfield on approaches teaching., along with worksheets, lesson plans and more not, don ’ t forget download. '' is … reported speech is often also called indirect speech: Daniel said that she hadn’t, you! Years old. ” she said the party tomorrow. some formal words to introduce a reported statement or response:... How long have you been playing/doing it always in the shower right now. ” is an English as a Language! The independent clause depends on whether the speaker may choose different words, this... 3-In Academic Writing party tomorrow., we are reporting another speakers,... Visual Explanations of each English tense to take notes on what their partners say include examples reported... Clarify the time order of events going to the beach so that I hoped was! What another person said real life, true crime carried out by a very man... Some groceries the previous day Tom said that she loved her Chihuahua, Daisy Continuous he. And ought to stay the same words but use quotation marks: `` this meat smells bad. we Viscaya! Parents: “ I am in the American midwest this, however ’ s +! A Second Language ( ESL ) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching....